Endothelial nitric oxide synthase localized to hippocampal pyramidal cells: Implications for synaptic plasticity

Jay L. Dinerman, Ted M Dawson, Michael J. Schell, Adele M Snowman, Solomon H Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using antibodies that react selectively with peptide sequences unique to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), we demonstrate localizations to neuronal populations in the brain. In some brain regions, such as the cerebellum and olfactory bulb, eNOS and neuronal NOS (nNOS) occur in the same cell populations, though in differing proportions. In the hippocampus, localizations of the two enzymes are strikingly different, with eNOS more concentrated in hippocampal pyramidal cells than in any other brain area, whereas nNOS is restricted to occasional interneurons. In many brain regions NADPH diaphorase staining reflects NOS catalytic activity. Hippocampal pyramidal cells do not stain for diaphorase with conventional paraformaldehyde fixation but stain robustly with glutaraldehyde fixatives, presumably reflecting eNOS catalytic activity. eNOS in hippocampal pyramidal cells may generate the NO that has been postulated as a retrograde messenger of long-term potentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4214-4218
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 10 1994

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Neuronal Plasticity
Pyramidal Cells
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Brain
Coloring Agents
NADPH Dehydrogenase
Fixatives
Long-Term Potentiation
Olfactory Bulb
Glutaral
Interneurons
Cerebellum
Population
Hippocampus
Staining and Labeling
Peptides
Antibodies
Enzymes

Keywords

  • carbon monoxide
  • immunohistochemistry
  • long-term potentiation
  • NADPH diaphorase
  • neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Using antibodies that react selectively with peptide sequences unique to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), we demonstrate localizations to neuronal populations in the brain. In some brain regions, such as the cerebellum and olfactory bulb, eNOS and neuronal NOS (nNOS) occur in the same cell populations, though in differing proportions. In the hippocampus, localizations of the two enzymes are strikingly different, with eNOS more concentrated in hippocampal pyramidal cells than in any other brain area, whereas nNOS is restricted to occasional interneurons. In many brain regions NADPH diaphorase staining reflects NOS catalytic activity. Hippocampal pyramidal cells do not stain for diaphorase with conventional paraformaldehyde fixation but stain robustly with glutaraldehyde fixatives, presumably reflecting eNOS catalytic activity. eNOS in hippocampal pyramidal cells may generate the NO that has been postulated as a retrograde messenger of long-term potentiation.",
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AU - Dawson, Ted M

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AU - Snowman, Adele M

AU - Snyder, Solomon H

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