Endothelial integrin α3β1 stabilizes carbohydrate-mediated tumor/endothelial cell adhesion and induces macromolecular signaling complex formation at the endothelial cell membrane

Olga V. Glinskii, Feng Li, Landon S. Wilson, Stephen Barnes, Kate Rittenhouse-Olson, Joseph J. Barchi, Kenneth J. Pienta, Vladislav V. Glinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Blood borne metastatic tumor cell adhesion to endothelial cells constitutes a critical rate-limiting step in hematogenous cancer metastasis. Interactions between cancer associated carbohydrate Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TF-Ag) and endothelium-expressed galectin-3 (Gal-3) have been identified as the leading molecular mechanism initiating tumor/endothelial cell adhesion in several types of cancer. However, it is unknown how these rather weak and transient carbohydrate/ lectin mediated interactions are stabilized. Here, using Western blot and LC tandem mass spectrometry analyses of pull-downs utilizing TF-Ag loaded gold nanoparticles, we identified Gal-3, endothelial integrin a3ß1, Src kinase, as well as 5 additional molecules mapping onto focal adhesion pathway as parts of the macromolecular complexes formed at the endothelial cell membranes downstream of TF-Ag/Gal- 3 interactions. In a modified parallel flow chamber assay, inhibiting a3ß1 integrin greatly reduced the strength of tumor/endothelial cell interactions without affecting the initial cancer cell adhesion. Further, the macromolecular complex induced by TF-Ag/Gal-3/a3ß1 interactions activates Src kinase, p38, and ERK1/2, pathways in endothelial cells in a time- and a3ß1-dependent manner. We conclude that, following the initial metastatic cell attachment to endothelial cells mediated by TF-Ag/Gal-3 interactions, endothelial integrin a3ß1 stabilizes tumor/endothelial cell adhesion and induces the formation of macromolecular signaling complex activating several major signaling pathways in endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1382-1389
Number of pages8
JournalOncotarget
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Galectin
  • Integrin
  • Thomsen-friedenreich antigen
  • Tumor metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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