Endothelial defect mediates attenuated vasorelaxant response to isoproterenol after lung transplantation

Kenichi Yoshida, Nicholas Flavahan, Mayumi Horibe, Nicholas G. Smedira, Paul A. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that pulmonary vasodilation in response to isoproterenol is attenuated in conscious dogs after left lung autotransplantation (LLA). Our present goal was to identify the cellular mechanism responsible for this dysfunction. Size- and position-matched pulmonary arterial rings were isolated from the right (control) and left (LLA) lungs of 23 dogs 1-14 mo post-LLA. The rings were suspended for isometric tension recording and precontracted, and the vasorelaxant responses to activators of the β-adrenoreceptor signaling pathway were examined. With the endothelium intact the maximal pulmonary vasorelaxant response to isoproterenol was reduced (P <0.02) to 57 ± 9% in LLA rings, compared with 87 ± 3% in control rings. Responses to the G(s) protein activator cholera toxin were also attenuated post-LLA, with the concentration-effect curve shifted to the right (P <0.01) and no change in the maximal response. In contrast, the vasorelaxant responses to forskolin (adenylyl cyclase activator) or dibutyryl cAMP were similar in endothelium-intact control and LLA rings. In endothelium-denuded rings the maximal vasorelaxant responses to isoproterenol were reduced (P <0.01) to -25% in both control and LLA rings. In denuded rings cholera toxin, forskolin, and dibutyryl cAMP caused 100% vasorelaxation, and the IC50 values for these agonists were similar in control and LLA rings. Isoproterenol increased (P <0.05) tissue cAMP to the same extent in control and LLA rings with or without endothelium. In contrast, isoproterenol increased (P <0.05) tissue cGMP only in endothelium- intact rings, and this effect was reduced (P <0.05) ~50% in LLA rings compared with control. Oxypurinol (endothelial xanthine oxidase inhibitor) restored the pulmonary vasorelaxant response to isoproterenol in endothelium- intact LLA rings. Our results provide the first evidence that activation of the β-adrenoreceptor signaling pathway in endothelium-intact pulmonary arterial rings results in an increase in cGMP. Moreover, the attenuation in β-adrenoreceptor-mediated pulmonary vasorelaxation post-LLA is due to inactivation of nitric oxide by endothelium-derived superoxide anion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume276
Issue number1 45-1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • β-adrenoreceptor agonist
  • Cholera toxin
  • Cyclic nucleotides
  • Dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'- cyclic monophosphate
  • Forskolin
  • Pulmonary circulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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