Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common comorbidity of cardiopulmonary disease. Endostatin, an inhibitor of angiogenesis, is elevated in neonates with lung disease. ST2 is a heart failure biomarker correlated with PH in adults. We hypothesized that these biomarkers may be useful in diagnosing PH and categorizing its severity in infants. Methods: Endostatin, ST2, and NT-proBNP plasma concentrations from 26 infants with PH and 21 control infants without PH were correlated with echocardiographic and clinical features using regression models over time. Results: Endostatin, ST2, and NT-proBNP concentrations were elevated in PH participants versus controls (p < 0.0001). Endostatin was associated with right ventricular dysfunction (p = 0.014), septal flattening (p = 0.047), and pericardial effusion (p < 0.0001). ST2 concentrations predicted right to left patent ductus arteriosus flow (p = 0.009). NT-proBNP was not associated with PH features. Conclusions: Endostatin and ST2 concentrations were associated with echocardiographic markers of worse PH in infants and may be better predictors than existing clinical standards.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology