Background and Aims: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) reduces the gastric lumen to a size comparable with that of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). However, there is a paucity of research comparing outcomes between the 2 procedures. Our study compared the 6-month weight loss outcomes and adverse events of ESG with LSG in a case-matched cohort. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data for patients undergoing ESG or LSG at a single academic center. Weight was recorded at 1 and 6 months postprocedure, and percent total body weight loss (%TBWL) was calculated. Adverse events and new-onset Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) were also recorded. Results: A total of 54 ESG patients were matched with 83 LSG patients by age, sex, and body mass index. The proportion of patients with GERD at baseline was similar in the 2 groups (16.7% in ESG group vs 25.3% in LSG group, P =.27). At the 6-month follow-up, %TBWL (compared with baseline) was significantly lower in the ESG group compared with the LSG group (17.1% ± 6.5% vs 23.6% ± 7.6%, P <.01). ESG patients had significantly lower rates of adverse events compared with LSG patients (5.2% vs 16.9%, P <.05). New-onset GERD was also significantly lower in the ESG group compared with the LSG group (1.9% vs 14.5%, P <.05). Conclusions: ESG, a minimally invasive same-day procedure, achieved less weight loss at 6 months than LSG, with the caveat that LSG caused more adverse events and new-onset GERD than ESG.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging