Endoscopic Endonasal Odontoidectomy with Nasopharyngeal Flap Reconstruction

Nyall R. London, Ahmed Mohyeldin, Ricardo L. Carrau, Daniel M. Prevedello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate the nuances in preoperative management, surgical technique, and reconstruction for an endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy. Design: Assembly of an operative video demonstrating technique for endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy. Setting: this study is a comprehensive skull base team at a tertiary care center. Participant: The patient is a 53-year-old male, with basilar invagination and myelopathy, who underwent cervical fusion, 6 years back, without ventral decompression at an outside hospital. He presented to our clinic with persistent myelopathy and generalized weakness, thus an endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy for brainstem decompression was recommended. Main Outcome Measures: Preoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography and intraoperative CT navigation demonstrated normal carotid artery anatomic localization. An inverted U-shaped mucosal flap was reflected inferiorly and preserved. The C1 arch was identified and resected with a high speed drill. The resultant diseased soft tissue arising from retropulsion of the odontoid process was then removed and the odontoid process identified. This bone was removed centrally until a thin cap remained. After removal of the cap, the underlying ligamentous tissue was removed until dural pulsations were appreciated and brainstem decompression achieved. Hemostasis was attained and the mucosal flap mobilized into position. Results: Postoperative CT imaging demonstrated resolution of basilar invagination and brainstem decompression (Fig. 1). The patient improved both in arm dexterity and ambulation after surgery and the reconstruction demonstrated appropriate healing on nasal endoscopy 2 months postoperatively. Conclusions: This operative video demonstrates nuances in endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy. This case also demonstrates that ventral decompression after long-term cervical fusion can improve myelopathy and that fusion in the setting of bony ventral compression, rather than rheumatoid panus, may not reduce over time with fusion only. The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/370FFuBA89Y.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • basilar invagination
  • endoscopic odontoidectomy
  • odontoidectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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