Endocardial-epicardial distribution of myocardial perfusion reserve assessed by multidetector computed tomography in symptomatic patients without significant coronary artery disease: Insights from the CORE320 multicentre study

Jørgen Tobias Kühl, Richard T. George, Vishal C. Mehra, Jesper J. Linde, Marcus Chen, Andrew E. Arai, Marcelo Di Carli, Kakuya Kitagawa, Marc Dewey, Joao A.C. Lima, Klaus Fuglsang Kofoed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim Previous animal studies have demonstrated differences in perfusion and perfusion reserve between the subendocardium and subepicardium. 320-row computed tomography (CT) with sub-millimetre spatial resolution allows for the assessment of transmural differences in myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) in humans.We aimed to test the hypothesis that MPR in all myocardial layers is determined by age, gender, and cardiovascular risk profile in patients with ischaemic symptoms or equivalent but without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results A total of 149 patients enrolled in the CORE320 study with symptoms or signs of myocardial ischaemia and absence of significant CAD by invasive coronary angiography were scanned with static rest and stress CT perfusion. Myocardial attenuation densities were assessed at rest and during adenosine stress, segmented into 3 myocardial layers and 13 segments. MPR was higher in the subepicardium compared with the subendocardium (124% interquartile range [45, 235] vs. 68% [22,102], P < 0.001). Moreover, MPR in the septum was lower than in the inferolateral and anterolateral segments of the myocardium (55% [19, 104] vs. 89% [37, 168] and 124% [54, 270], P < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, high body mass index was significantly associated with reduced MPR in all myocardial layers when adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors (P = 0.02). Conclusion In symptomatic patients without significant coronary artery stenosis, distinct differences in endocardial-epicardial distribution of perfusion reserve may be demonstrated with static CT perfusion. Low MPR in all myocardial layers was observed specifically in obese patients. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. & The Author 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-787
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Multi-detector computed tomography
  • Myocardial perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Endocardial-epicardial distribution of myocardial perfusion reserve assessed by multidetector computed tomography in symptomatic patients without significant coronary artery disease: Insights from the CORE320 multicentre study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this