Endocannabinoid Signaling Contributes to Experience-Induced Increase of Synaptic Release Sites From Parvalbumin Interneurons in Mouse Visual Cortex

Shiyong Huang, Alfredo Kirkwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During postnatal development of the visual cortex between eye-opening to puberty, visual experience promotes a gradual increase in the strength of inhibitory synaptic connections from parvalbumin-positive interneurons (PV-INs) onto layer 2/3 pyramidal cells. However, the detailed connectivity properties and molecular mechanisms underlying these developmental changes are not well understood. Using dual-patch clamp in brain slices from G42 mice, we revealed that both connection probability and the number of synaptic release sites contributed to the enhancement of synaptic strength. The increase of release site number was hindered by dark rearing from eye-opening and rescued by 3-days re-exposure to the normal visual environment. The effect of light re-exposure on restoring synaptic release sites in dark reared mice was mimicked by the agonist of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptors and blocked by an antagonist of these receptors, suggesting a role for endocannabinoid signaling in light-induced maturation of inhibitory connectivity from PV-INs to pyramidal cells during postnatal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number571133
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2020

Keywords

  • cannabinoid
  • connectivity
  • parvalbumin interneuron
  • perisomatic inhibition
  • postnatal development
  • synaptic strength
  • visual cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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