Emotional intelligence, personality, and task-induced stress

Gerald Matthews, Amanda K. Emo, Gregory Funke, Moshe Zeidner, Richard D. Roberts, Paul T. Costa, Ralf Schulze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emotional intelligence (EI) may predict stress responses and coping strategies in a variety of applied settings. This study compares EI and the personality factors of the Five Factor Model (FFM) as predictors of task-induced stress responses. Participants (N = 200) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 task conditions, 3 of which were designed to be stressful. Results confirmed that low EI was related to worry states and avoidance coping, even with the FFM statistically controlled. However, EI was not specifically related to task-induced changes in stress state. Results also confirmed that Neuroticism related to distress, worry, and emotion-focused coping, and Conscientiousness predicted use of task-focused coping. The applied utility of EI and personality measures is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-107
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emotional intelligence
  • Mood
  • Performance
  • Personality
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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