Emerging imaging techniques for acute pancreatitis

Saeed Ghandili, Shahab Shayesteh, Daniel F. Fouladi, Alejandra Blanco, Linda C. Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is caused by acute inflammation of the pancreas and adjacent tissue and is a common source of abdominal pain. The current CT and MRI evaluation of AP is mostly based on morphologic features. Recent advances in image acquisition and analysis offer the opportunity to go beyond morphologic features. Advanced MR techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging, as well as T1 and T2 mapping, can potentially quantify signal changes reflective of underlying tissue abnormalities. Advanced analytic techniques such as radiomics and artificial neural networks (ANNs) offer the promise of uncovering imaging biomarkers that can provide additional classification and prognostic information. The purpose of this article is to review recent advances in imaging acquisition and analytic techniques in the evaluation of AP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1299-1307
Number of pages9
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Artificial neural networks
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Radiomics
  • T1 mapping
  • T2 mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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  • Cite this

    Ghandili, S., Shayesteh, S., Fouladi, D. F., Blanco, A., & Chu, L. C. (2020). Emerging imaging techniques for acute pancreatitis. Abdominal Radiology, 45(5), 1299-1307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-02192-z