Emerging Guidelines for Patient Engagement in Research

John R. Kirwan, Maarten de Wit, Lori Frank, Kirstie L. Haywood, Sam Salek, Samantha Brace-McDonnell, Anne Lyddiatt, Skye P. Barbic, Jordi Alonso, Francis Guillemin, Susan J. Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is growing recognition that involving patients in the development of new patient-reported outcome measures helps ensure that the outcomes that matter most to people living with health conditions are captured. Here, we describe and discuss different experiences of integrating patients as full patient research partners (PRPs) in outcomes research from multiple perspectives (e.g., researcher, patient, and funder), drawing from three real-world examples. These diverse experiences highlight the strengths, challenges, and impact of partnering with patients to conceptualize, design, and conduct research and disseminate findings. On the basis of our experiences, we suggest basic guidelines for outcomes researchers on establishing research partnerships with patients, including: 1) establishing supportive organizational/institutional policies; 2) cultivating supportive attitudes of researchers and PRPs with recognition that partnerships evolve over time, are grounded in strong communication, and have shared goals; 3) adhering to principles of respect, trust, reciprocity, and co-learning; 4) addressing training needs of all team members to ensure communications and that PRPs are conversant in and familiar with the language and process of research; 5) identifying the resources and advanced planning required for successful patient engagement; and 6) recognizing the value of partnerships across all stages of research. The three experiences presented explore different approaches to partnering; demonstrate how this can fundamentally change the way research work is conceptualized, conducted, and disseminated; and can serve as exemplars for other forms of patient-centered outcomes research. Further work is needed to identify the skills, qualities, and approaches that best support effective patient-researcher partnerships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalValue in Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Patient engagement
  • Patient participation
  • Patient-centered outcomes research
  • Patient-reported outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kirwan, J. R., de Wit, M., Frank, L., Haywood, K. L., Salek, S., Brace-McDonnell, S., ... Bartlett, S. J. (Accepted/In press). Emerging Guidelines for Patient Engagement in Research. Value in Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2016.10.003