Emergency department presentation, admission, and surgical intervention for colonic diverticulitis in the United States

Eric B. Schneider, Aparajita Singh, Jennifer Sung, Benjamin Hassid, Shalini Selvarajah, Sandy H. Fang, Jonathan E. Efron, Anne O. Lidor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Diverticulitis in admitted inpatients is well reported. This study examined colonic diverticulitis treated in the emergency department (ED). Methods The 2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample was used to examine relationships among patient age and inpatient admission, surgical intervention, and in-hospital mortality among ED patients with a primary diagnosis of diverticulitis. Results Of 310,983 ED visits for primary diverticulitis, 53% resulted in hospitalization and 6% in surgical intervention. Most patients 65+ years old were female (69%), and most were hospitalized (63%). Seven percent of ED patients aged 65+ underwent surgery and.96% died in hospital. Patients aged less than 40 years (13% of all admissions) were mostly male (63%), 42% were hospitalized, 4% underwent surgery, and less than.01% died. Compared with patients aged less than 40 years, those 65+ demonstrated greater odds of admission (odds ratio 1.53, 95% confidence interval 1.43 to 1.64) and surgical intervention (odds ratio 1.45, 95% confidence interval 1.27 to 1.65). Conclusions Half of ED patients were hospitalized and 6% of ED visits resulted in colectomy. Fully 13% of ED patients were less than 40 years old. Future studies examining outpatient services may further illuminate the epidemiology of diverticulitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-407
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume210
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Diverticulitis
  • Emergency department
  • Surgical intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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