Elevated renal nerve activity after spinal transection: Effects on renal function

J. W. Osborn, R. H. Livingstone, L. P. Schramm

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Abstract

Spinal transection approximately doubles renal sympathetic activity (RSA) in rats. These experiments localized spinal pathways inhibiting RSA and determined the effects of transection-elicited renal sympathetic hyperactivity on renal circulation and renal function. Experiments were conducted in chloralose-anesthetized, paralyzed, artificially respired, male Sprague-Dawley rats. RSA was measured from an electrode on the left renal nerve. Renal arterial blood flow (RABF), glomerular filtration rate, urine flow rate, and renal sodium and potassium excretions were also measured. Localized lesions of the cervical spinal cord indicated that spinal generators of RSA were inhibited by pathways descending in the dorsal cervical cord. Autoregulation of RABF prevented transection-elicited increases in RSA from affecting renal vascular resistance. Renal sodium and potassium excretions were dramatically reduced after spinal transection, although these reductions were ameliorated somewhat by fixing posttransection renal arterial pressure at pretransection levels. We conclude that the vascular effects of transection-elicited elevations in RSA are minimized by autoregulation of RABF and that posttransection changes in renal function result from changes in both arterial pressure and RSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22/4
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume253
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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