Electrophysiological evidence for visuocognitive dysfunction in younger non caucasian patients with Parkinson's disease

L. Sagliocco, F. Bandini, M. Pierantozzi, Z. Mari, A. Tzelepi, C. Ko, J. Gulzar, I. Bodis-Wollner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A study of 'primary' (VEPs) and 'cognitive' (ERPs) visual evoked potentials was carried out in a group of non-demented Afro-American Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Current studies suggest that differences exist in the clinical manifestations of PD in Caucasian and non-Caucasian populations. Two horizontal sinusoidal gratings differing in spatial frequency, i.e., 1 and 4 cycles per degree (cpd), were presented in an 'oddball' paradigm to 17 patients with PD and 17 age-matched control subjects. While the 1 cpd stimulus, is not expected to reveal retinal dopaminergic deficency, but only visuocognitive deficits, the 4cpd may give direct information of both 'retinal' and 'cognitive' visual deficits. We measured the latencies and amplitudes of N70, P100 and P300 components, and derived the 'normalized' measures of P300-N70 latency difference (Central Processing Time-CPT70), the P300-P100 latency difference (CPT100) and the P300 amplitude responses normalized to either N70 and P100 amplitude (Amplitude Ratios AR70 and AR100). Our results do show that cognitive electrophysiological deficits in younger PD patients exist in non-Caucasians, perhaps to an even greater degree than in Caucasians, and confirm that absolute and normalized ERP amplitude and latency abnormalities are a distinguishing feature of younger PD patients from controls. In particular P300 measures are abnormal for 1 cpd pattern. A negative correlation exists between P300 amplitude and the motor score. By comparing the results for 1 and 4cpd stimuli it can be concluded that 'primary' and 'cognitive' visual abnormalities are independently affected in PD, implying that visuo-cognitive abnormalities are not passively determined by retinal dopaminergic deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-439
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Volume104
Issue number4-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Age effect
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Population comparison
  • VEP
  • Visual P300
  • Visuo-cognitive decline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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