Electronics for a safe direct current stimulator

Patrick Ou, Gene Y Fridman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Commercially available neuroprostheses, while successful and effective, are limited in their functionality by their reliance on pulsatile stimulation. Direct current (DC) has been shown to have great potential for the purposes of neuromodulation; however, direct current cannot be applied directly to neurons due to the charge injection thresholds of electrodes. We are developing a Safe Direct Current Stimulator (SDCS) that applies ionic direct current (iDC) without inducing toxic electrochemical reactions. The current design of the SDCS uses a series of eight valves in conjunction with four electrodes to rectify ionic current in microfluidic channels. This paper outlines the design, implementation, and testing of the electronics of the SDCS. These electronics will ultimately be interfaced with a separate microfluidic circuit in the device prototype. Testing the outputs of the electronics confirmed adherence to its design requirements. The completion of the SDCS electronics enables the further development of iDC as a mechanism for neuromodulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, BioCAS 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-4
Number of pages4
Volume2018-January
ISBN (Electronic)9781509058037
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2018
Event2017 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, BioCAS 2017 - Torino, Italy
Duration: Oct 19 2017Oct 21 2017

Other

Other2017 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, BioCAS 2017
CountryItaly
CityTorino
Period10/19/1710/21/17

Keywords

  • direct current
  • electrical stimulation
  • implants
  • neural engineering
  • prosthetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Instrumentation

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