Electrolyte disturbances and critical care seizures

Jenice Robinson, Jose I. Suarez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Electrolyte disturbances in the ICU are extremely common. The electrolyte disorder most commonly associated with seizure is hyponatremia, although extremely low Mg2+, phosphate, and both very low and high Ca2+ values can cause seizures. Critical care physicians must be vigilant to suspect and identify electrolyte disturbances in their patients, because a growing amount of information suggests that they are a marker and potentially a cause of poor prognosis. Electrolyte disturbances should never be uncritically accepted as the etiology of a seizure until a thorough investigation has been undertaken.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSeizures in Critical Care
Subtitle of host publicationA Guide to Diagnosis and Therapeutics
EditorsPanayiotis Varelas
Pages263-282
Number of pages20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCurrent Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)1559-0585

Keywords

  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypernatremia
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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