Electrocochleography summating potential seen on auditory brainstem response in a case of superior semicircular canal dehiscence

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Abstract

Background: Superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) is a condition in which an abnormal communication between the superior semicircular canal and the middle cranial fossa causes patients to hear internal noises transmitted loudly to their affected ear as well as to experience vertigo with pressure changes or loud sounds. Patients with SCDS can have an elevated ratio of summating potential (SP) to action potential (AP) as measured by electrocochleography (ECochG). Changes in this ratio have been observed during surgical intervention to correct this abnormal communication. Case Description: We present a case of SCDS along with history, physical examination, vestibular function testing, and computed tomography imaging. Due to the disabling symptoms, the patient elected to undergo surgery for plugging of the superior semicircular canal by middle cranial fossa approach. Simultaneous intraoperative ECochG and auditory brainstem response (ABR) were performed. Changes in SP/AP ratio, SP amplitude, and ABR wave I latency were observed during surgery, with a large ECochG SP amplitude generating a new wave, identifiable on the ABR and preceding the traditional wave I. The patient's symptoms resolved after surgery, and no long-term detriment to hearing was observed. Conclusions: This case demonstrates the intraoperative changes in ECochG during surgery for repair of a SCDS. The substantial intraoperative changes in the summating potential can create a novel wave on intraoperative ABR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Auditory brainstem response
  • Electrocochleography
  • Superior canal dehiscence syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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