Electrochromatography and micro high-performance liquid chromatography with 320 μm I.D. packed columns

Chao Yan, Daniel Schaufelberger, Fritz Erni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrochromatography is a chromatographic method in which the mobile phase (liquid or supercritical fluid) is "pumped" through a stationary phase in a microbore or capillary column by electroosmosis using an electric field. The technique permits separation of charged and uncharged compounds with higher resolution and superior efficiency when compared with micro-HPLC with an identical column. It is desirable to work with packed capillary columns with wide diameter in electrochromatography in order to improve detectability and column loadability. This study shows that we have moved a step forward towards this goal in spite of problems and difficulties, due to Joule heating, frit making and column packing in using wide-diameter columns. The paper demonstrates that the pressure pump of micro-HPLC with a commercially available 320 μm I.D. column can be replaced by the electroosmotic "pump" of capillary zone electrophoresis. Experiments were carried out in a chromatographic system under both electroosmosis and pressure-driven flow with 320 and 50 μm I.D. columns packed with 3- and 5-μm ODS. The advantage of electrochromatography over conventional micro-HPLC is shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume670
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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