Electrocardiographic localization of coronary artery narrowings: Studies during myocardial ischemia and infarction in patients with one-vessel disease

R. M. Fuchs, Stephen C Achuff, L. Grunwald, F. C. Yin, L. S. Griffith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To investigate the accuracy of the 12-lead ECG in localizing the site of coronary artery narrowings, we reviewed abnormal ECGs obtained during myocardial infarction, spontaneous angina or exercise stress testing in 134 patients with angiographically documented one-vessel disease. The presence of Q waves, ST-segment elevation and T-wave inversion in leads I, aV(L) and V 1-V 4 were all highly correlated with the presence of left anterior descending coronary artery disease (p <0.001), and the same ECG findings in leads II, III and aV(F) were associated with right (RCA) or circumflex coronary artery (LCx) narrowings (p <0.001). In contrast, ST depression alone was not useful in predicting the site of coronary artery narrowing. Q waves correctly identified the location of the coronary disease in 98% of cases, ST elevation in 91%, T-wave inversion in 84%, and ST depression in 60%. No electrocardiographic criteria distinguished RCA from LCx disease, even in patients with a right-dominant circulation. These findings should lead to a better understanding of the value and limitations of the 12-lead ECG in localizing coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1175
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume66
Issue number6 I
StatePublished - 1982

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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