Elastic liposome-mediated transdermal immunization enhanced the immunogenicity of P. falciparum surface antigen, MSP-119

Rajeev K. Tyagi, Neeraj K. Garg, Rajesh Jadon, Tejram Sahu, Om Prakash Katare, Sarat K. Dalai, Amit Awasthi, Srujan K. Marepally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Transdermal immunization results in poor immunogenicity, which can be attributed to poor permeability of antigens through the skin. Therefore, elastic liposome, ultradeformable lipid vesicles, may overcome the challenges faced during transdermal immunization. This versatile carrier proves better vehicle for transcutaneous delivery of protein, peptide and nucleic acid antigens. The present results are suggestive of improved immunogenicity of carboxyl-terminal 19kDa fragment of merozoite surface protein-1 (PfMSP-119) of Plasmodium falciparum when administered subcutaneously through elastic liposomes. The prepared elastic liposomes were characterized with respect to vesicles shape and surface morphology, size and size distribution, entrapment efficiency, elasticity, stability and in vitro release. Humoral and cell-mediated immune (CMI) response elicited by topically applied PfMSP-119-loaded elastic liposomes, intramuscularly administered alum-adsorbed PfMSP-119 solution, and topically applied PfMSP-119-loaded conventional liposomes were compared and normalized with vehicle control. Results suggest greater transcutaneous immunization via elastic liposomes, and induced robust and perdurable IgG-specific antibody and cytophilic isotype responses. We report to have achieved sizeable CMI activating factor (IFNγ), a crucial player in conferring resistance to asexual blood stage malaria, responses with elastic liposomes when compared with other formulations. The fluorescence microscopy and histopathology results are suggestive of prominent skin permeation and biodistribution, and demonstrate efficient delivery of malaria antigen via elastic liposomes to immunocompetent Langerhans cells (LC) and lymphatics. In conclusion, elastic liposomal formulation provided greater entrapment efficiency, enhanced penetration and heightened and long-lasting immune response. Moreover, effective immunoadjuvant property of this carrier justifies its potential for improved vaccine delivery, and opens new avenues to explore further on the development of malaria vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4630-4638
Number of pages9
Issue number36
StatePublished - Aug 26 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Cellular and humoral immunity
  • Elastic liposome
  • Immunization
  • Langerhans cells
  • MSP-119
  • Transdermal delivery
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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