Egr-2 and Egr-3 are negative regulators of T cell activation

Meredith Safford, Samuel Collins, Michael A. Lutz, Amy Allen, Ching Tai Huang, Jeanne Kowalski, Amanda Blackford, Maureen R. Horton, Charles Drake, Ronald H. Schwartz, Jonathan D. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


T cell receptor engagement in the absence of proper accessory signals leads to T cell anergy. E3 ligases are involved in maintaining the anergic state. However, the specific molecules responsible for the induction of anergy have yet to be elucidated. Using microarray analysis we have identified here early growth response gene 2 (Egr-2) and Egr-3 as key negative regulators of T cell activation. Overexpression of Egr2 and Egr3 was associated with an increase in the E3 ubiquitin ligase Cbl-b and inhibition of T cell activation. Conversely, T cells from Egr3-/- mice had lower expression of Cbl-b and were resistant to in vivo peptide-induced tolerance. These data support the idea that Egr-2 and Egr-3 are involved in promoting a T cell receptor-induced negative regulatory genetic program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-480
Number of pages9
JournalNature Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 9 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Safford, M., Collins, S., Lutz, M. A., Allen, A., Huang, C. T., Kowalski, J., Blackford, A., Horton, M. R., Drake, C., Schwartz, R. H., & Powell, J. D. (2005). Egr-2 and Egr-3 are negative regulators of T cell activation. Nature Immunology, 6(5), 472-480.