Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes among African Americans

The Jackson Heart Study

Luc Djoussé, Andrew B. Petrone, DeMarc A. Hickson, Sameera A. Talegawkar, Patricia M. Dubbert, Herman Taylor, Katherine L. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background & aims: Type 2 diabetes (DM) disproportionally affects African Americans. Data on the association between egg consumption and risk of DM are sparse. We sought to examine whether egg consumption is associated with the prevalence and incidence of DM among African Americans. Methods: We analyzed baseline data from 4568 participants of the Jackson Heart Study. Egg consumption was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire designed for this population. We used generalized estimating equations to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios of DM and Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios of DM with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The average age was 55±13 years and 64% of subjects were women. The median frequency of egg consumption was 2/week for men and 1/week for women. The prevalence of DM was 22% overall (21% of men and 23% of women). Multivariable adjusted prevalence ratio [PR (95% CI)] for DM were: 1.00 (ref), 1.14 (0.90-1.44), 1.33 (1.04-1.70), 1.33 (1.06-1.68), 1.26 (0.99-1.61), and 1.52 (1.17-1.97) for egg consumption of

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 15 2015

Fingerprint

African Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Ovum
Confidence Intervals
Food
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • Eggs
  • Epidemiology
  • Nutrition
  • Risk factors
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Djoussé, L., Petrone, A. B., Hickson, D. A., Talegawkar, S. A., Dubbert, P. M., Taylor, H., & Tucker, K. L. (Accepted/In press). Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes among African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study. Clinical Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.04.016

Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes among African Americans : The Jackson Heart Study. / Djoussé, Luc; Petrone, Andrew B.; Hickson, DeMarc A.; Talegawkar, Sameera A.; Dubbert, Patricia M.; Taylor, Herman; Tucker, Katherine L.

In: Clinical Nutrition, 15.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Djoussé, L, Petrone, AB, Hickson, DA, Talegawkar, SA, Dubbert, PM, Taylor, H & Tucker, KL 2015, 'Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes among African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study', Clinical Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.04.016
Djoussé, Luc ; Petrone, Andrew B. ; Hickson, DeMarc A. ; Talegawkar, Sameera A. ; Dubbert, Patricia M. ; Taylor, Herman ; Tucker, Katherine L. / Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes among African Americans : The Jackson Heart Study. In: Clinical Nutrition. 2015.
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