Efficacy and safety of lampalizumab for geographic atrophy due to age-related macular degeneration: Chroma and spectri phase 3 randomized clinical trials

Chroma and Spectri Study Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

IMPORTANCE Geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of visual disability in older individuals. A phase 2 trial suggested that lampalizumab, a selective complement factor D inhibitor, reduced the rate of GA enlargement, warranting phase 3 trials. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of lampalizumab vs sham procedure on enlargement of GA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two identically designed phase 3 double-masked, randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials, Chroma and Spectri, enrolled participants from August 28, 2014, to October 6, 2016, at 275 sites in 23 countries. Participants were aged 50 years or older, with bilateral GA and no prior or active choroidal neovascularization in either eye and GA lesions in the study eye measuring 2.54 to 17.78 mm2 with diffuse or banded fundus autofluorescence patterns. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomized 2:1:2:1 to receive 10 mg of intravitreous lampalizumab every 4 weeks, sham procedure every 4 weeks, 10 mg of lampalizumab every 6 weeks, or sham procedure every 6 weeks, through 96 weeks. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Safety and efficacy assessed as mean change from baseline in GA lesion area at week 48 from centrally read fundus autofluorescence images of the lampalizumab arms vs pooled sham arms, in the intent-to-treat population and by complement factor I-profile genetic biomarker. RESULTS A total of 906 participants (553 women and 353 men; mean [SD] age, 78.1 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Chroma and 975 participants (578 women and 397 men; mean [SD] age, 77.9 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Spectri; 1733 of the 1881 participants (92.1%) completed the studies through 48 weeks. The adjusted mean increases in GA lesion area from baseline at week 48 were 1.93 to 2.09 mm2 across all groups in both studies. Differences in adjusted mean change in GA lesion area (lampalizumab minus sham) were -0.02 mm2 (95% CI, -0.21 to 0.16 mm2; P = .80) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Chroma, 0.16 mm2 (95% CI, 0.00-0.31 mm2; P = .048) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Spectri, 0.05 mm2 (95% CI, -0.13 to 0.24 mm2; P = .59) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Chroma, and 0.09 mm2 (95% CI, -0.07 to 0.24 mm2; P = .27) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Spectri. No benefit of lampalizumab was observed across prespecified subgroups, including by complement factor I-profile biomarker. Endophthalmitis occurred after 5 of 12 447 injections (0.04%) or in 5 of 1252 treated participants (0.4%) through week 48. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In Chroma and Spectri, the largest studies of GA conducted to date, lampalizumab did not reduce GA enlargement vs sham during 48 weeks of treatment. Results highlight the substantial and consistent enlargement of GA, at a mean of approximately 2 mm2 per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-677
Number of pages12
JournalJAMA Ophthalmology
Volume136
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

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Geographic Atrophy
Phase III Clinical Trials
Macular Degeneration
Randomized Controlled Trials
Safety
Complement Factor I
lampalizumab
Arm
Biomarkers
Complement Factor D
Choroidal Neovascularization
Endophthalmitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Efficacy and safety of lampalizumab for geographic atrophy due to age-related macular degeneration : Chroma and spectri phase 3 randomized clinical trials. / Chroma and Spectri Study Investigators.

In: JAMA Ophthalmology, Vol. 136, No. 6, 01.06.2018, p. 666-677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Efficacy and safety of lampalizumab for geographic atrophy due to age-related macular degeneration: Chroma and spectri phase 3 randomized clinical trials",
abstract = "IMPORTANCE Geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of visual disability in older individuals. A phase 2 trial suggested that lampalizumab, a selective complement factor D inhibitor, reduced the rate of GA enlargement, warranting phase 3 trials. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of lampalizumab vs sham procedure on enlargement of GA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two identically designed phase 3 double-masked, randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials, Chroma and Spectri, enrolled participants from August 28, 2014, to October 6, 2016, at 275 sites in 23 countries. Participants were aged 50 years or older, with bilateral GA and no prior or active choroidal neovascularization in either eye and GA lesions in the study eye measuring 2.54 to 17.78 mm2 with diffuse or banded fundus autofluorescence patterns. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomized 2:1:2:1 to receive 10 mg of intravitreous lampalizumab every 4 weeks, sham procedure every 4 weeks, 10 mg of lampalizumab every 6 weeks, or sham procedure every 6 weeks, through 96 weeks. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Safety and efficacy assessed as mean change from baseline in GA lesion area at week 48 from centrally read fundus autofluorescence images of the lampalizumab arms vs pooled sham arms, in the intent-to-treat population and by complement factor I-profile genetic biomarker. RESULTS A total of 906 participants (553 women and 353 men; mean [SD] age, 78.1 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Chroma and 975 participants (578 women and 397 men; mean [SD] age, 77.9 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Spectri; 1733 of the 1881 participants (92.1{\%}) completed the studies through 48 weeks. The adjusted mean increases in GA lesion area from baseline at week 48 were 1.93 to 2.09 mm2 across all groups in both studies. Differences in adjusted mean change in GA lesion area (lampalizumab minus sham) were -0.02 mm2 (95{\%} CI, -0.21 to 0.16 mm2; P = .80) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Chroma, 0.16 mm2 (95{\%} CI, 0.00-0.31 mm2; P = .048) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Spectri, 0.05 mm2 (95{\%} CI, -0.13 to 0.24 mm2; P = .59) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Chroma, and 0.09 mm2 (95{\%} CI, -0.07 to 0.24 mm2; P = .27) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Spectri. No benefit of lampalizumab was observed across prespecified subgroups, including by complement factor I-profile biomarker. Endophthalmitis occurred after 5 of 12 447 injections (0.04{\%}) or in 5 of 1252 treated participants (0.4{\%}) through week 48. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In Chroma and Spectri, the largest studies of GA conducted to date, lampalizumab did not reduce GA enlargement vs sham during 48 weeks of treatment. Results highlight the substantial and consistent enlargement of GA, at a mean of approximately 2 mm2 per year.",
author = "{Chroma and Spectri Study Investigators} and Holz, {Frank G.} and Sadda, {Srinivas R.} and Brandon Busbee and Chew, {Emily Y.} and Paul Mitchell and Adnan Tufail and Christopher Brittain and Daniela Ferrara and Sarah Gray and Lee Honigberg and Jillian Martin and Barbara Tong and Ehrlich, {Jason S.} and Bressler, {Neil M}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy and safety of lampalizumab for geographic atrophy due to age-related macular degeneration

T2 - Chroma and spectri phase 3 randomized clinical trials

AU - Chroma and Spectri Study Investigators

AU - Holz, Frank G.

AU - Sadda, Srinivas R.

AU - Busbee, Brandon

AU - Chew, Emily Y.

AU - Mitchell, Paul

AU - Tufail, Adnan

AU - Brittain, Christopher

AU - Ferrara, Daniela

AU - Gray, Sarah

AU - Honigberg, Lee

AU - Martin, Jillian

AU - Tong, Barbara

AU - Ehrlich, Jason S.

AU - Bressler, Neil M

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - IMPORTANCE Geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of visual disability in older individuals. A phase 2 trial suggested that lampalizumab, a selective complement factor D inhibitor, reduced the rate of GA enlargement, warranting phase 3 trials. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of lampalizumab vs sham procedure on enlargement of GA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two identically designed phase 3 double-masked, randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials, Chroma and Spectri, enrolled participants from August 28, 2014, to October 6, 2016, at 275 sites in 23 countries. Participants were aged 50 years or older, with bilateral GA and no prior or active choroidal neovascularization in either eye and GA lesions in the study eye measuring 2.54 to 17.78 mm2 with diffuse or banded fundus autofluorescence patterns. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomized 2:1:2:1 to receive 10 mg of intravitreous lampalizumab every 4 weeks, sham procedure every 4 weeks, 10 mg of lampalizumab every 6 weeks, or sham procedure every 6 weeks, through 96 weeks. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Safety and efficacy assessed as mean change from baseline in GA lesion area at week 48 from centrally read fundus autofluorescence images of the lampalizumab arms vs pooled sham arms, in the intent-to-treat population and by complement factor I-profile genetic biomarker. RESULTS A total of 906 participants (553 women and 353 men; mean [SD] age, 78.1 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Chroma and 975 participants (578 women and 397 men; mean [SD] age, 77.9 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Spectri; 1733 of the 1881 participants (92.1%) completed the studies through 48 weeks. The adjusted mean increases in GA lesion area from baseline at week 48 were 1.93 to 2.09 mm2 across all groups in both studies. Differences in adjusted mean change in GA lesion area (lampalizumab minus sham) were -0.02 mm2 (95% CI, -0.21 to 0.16 mm2; P = .80) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Chroma, 0.16 mm2 (95% CI, 0.00-0.31 mm2; P = .048) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Spectri, 0.05 mm2 (95% CI, -0.13 to 0.24 mm2; P = .59) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Chroma, and 0.09 mm2 (95% CI, -0.07 to 0.24 mm2; P = .27) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Spectri. No benefit of lampalizumab was observed across prespecified subgroups, including by complement factor I-profile biomarker. Endophthalmitis occurred after 5 of 12 447 injections (0.04%) or in 5 of 1252 treated participants (0.4%) through week 48. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In Chroma and Spectri, the largest studies of GA conducted to date, lampalizumab did not reduce GA enlargement vs sham during 48 weeks of treatment. Results highlight the substantial and consistent enlargement of GA, at a mean of approximately 2 mm2 per year.

AB - IMPORTANCE Geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of visual disability in older individuals. A phase 2 trial suggested that lampalizumab, a selective complement factor D inhibitor, reduced the rate of GA enlargement, warranting phase 3 trials. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of lampalizumab vs sham procedure on enlargement of GA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two identically designed phase 3 double-masked, randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials, Chroma and Spectri, enrolled participants from August 28, 2014, to October 6, 2016, at 275 sites in 23 countries. Participants were aged 50 years or older, with bilateral GA and no prior or active choroidal neovascularization in either eye and GA lesions in the study eye measuring 2.54 to 17.78 mm2 with diffuse or banded fundus autofluorescence patterns. INTERVENTIONS Participants were randomized 2:1:2:1 to receive 10 mg of intravitreous lampalizumab every 4 weeks, sham procedure every 4 weeks, 10 mg of lampalizumab every 6 weeks, or sham procedure every 6 weeks, through 96 weeks. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Safety and efficacy assessed as mean change from baseline in GA lesion area at week 48 from centrally read fundus autofluorescence images of the lampalizumab arms vs pooled sham arms, in the intent-to-treat population and by complement factor I-profile genetic biomarker. RESULTS A total of 906 participants (553 women and 353 men; mean [SD] age, 78.1 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Chroma and 975 participants (578 women and 397 men; mean [SD] age, 77.9 [8.1] years) were enrolled in Spectri; 1733 of the 1881 participants (92.1%) completed the studies through 48 weeks. The adjusted mean increases in GA lesion area from baseline at week 48 were 1.93 to 2.09 mm2 across all groups in both studies. Differences in adjusted mean change in GA lesion area (lampalizumab minus sham) were -0.02 mm2 (95% CI, -0.21 to 0.16 mm2; P = .80) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Chroma, 0.16 mm2 (95% CI, 0.00-0.31 mm2; P = .048) for lampalizumab every 4 weeks in Spectri, 0.05 mm2 (95% CI, -0.13 to 0.24 mm2; P = .59) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Chroma, and 0.09 mm2 (95% CI, -0.07 to 0.24 mm2; P = .27) for lampalizumab every 6 weeks in Spectri. No benefit of lampalizumab was observed across prespecified subgroups, including by complement factor I-profile biomarker. Endophthalmitis occurred after 5 of 12 447 injections (0.04%) or in 5 of 1252 treated participants (0.4%) through week 48. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In Chroma and Spectri, the largest studies of GA conducted to date, lampalizumab did not reduce GA enlargement vs sham during 48 weeks of treatment. Results highlight the substantial and consistent enlargement of GA, at a mean of approximately 2 mm2 per year.

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