Objective: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often undermines community re-integration, impairs functioning and produces other symptoms. This study tested an innovative programme for veterans with TBI, the Veterans’ In-home Programme (VIP), delivered in veterans’ homes, involving a family member and targeting the environment (social and physical) to promote community re-integration, mitigate difficulty with the most troubling TBI symptoms and facilitate daily functioning. Setting: Interviews and intervention sessions were conducted in homes or by telephone. Participants: Eighty-one veterans with TBI at a VA polytrauma programme and a key family member. Design: This was a 2-group randomized controlled trial. Control-group participants received usual-care enhanced by two attention-control telephone calls. Follow-up interviews occurred up to 4 months after baseline interview. Main measures: VIP’s efficacy was evaluated using measures of community re-integration, target outcomes reflecting veterans’ self-identified problems and self-rated functional competence. Results: At follow-up, VIP participants had significantly higher community re-integration scores and less difficulty managing targeted outcomes, compared to controls. Self-rated functional competence did not differ between groups. In addition, VIP’s acceptability was high. Conclusion: A home-based, family-inclusive service for veterans with TBI shows promise for improving meaningful outcomes and warrants further research and clinical application.
- Community reintegration
- in-home service
- traumatic brain injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Developmental and Educational Psychology