The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vasopressin and long pulse-low frequency gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on gastric emptying, gastric and intestinal myoelectrical activity and symptoms in dogs. The study was performed in eight healthy female dogs implanted with four pairs of gastric serosal electrodes and two pairs of small bowel serosal electrodes, and a duodenal fistula for the assessment of gastric emptying. Each dog was studied in three sessions on three separate days in a randomized order with recordings of gastric and small bowel slow waves. Each study session consisted of 30-min baseline, 30-min stimulation and 30-min recovery period. In sessions 1 and 2, infusion of either saline or vasopressin (0.75 U kg-1 in 30 mL saline instilled in 30 min) was given during the second 30-min period. The protocol of session 3 was the same as session 2 except long pulse-low frequency GES was performed during the second 30-min period. It was found that: (i) Vasopressin significantly delayed gastric emptying 30 and 45 min after meal and GES did not improve the vasopressin induced delayed gastric emptying; (ii) Vasopressin induced gastric dysrhythmias and GES significantly improved vasopressin induced gastric dysrhythmia; (iii) Vasopressin also induced intestinal slow wave abnormalities but GES had no effect on vasopressin induced small bowel dysrhythmia; (iv) Vasopressin induced symptoms and behaviours suggestive of nausea that were not improved by GES. We conclude that: (i) Vasopressin delays gastric emptying and induces gastric and small bowel dysrhythmias and symptoms in the fed state, and (ii) long pulse-low frequency GES normalizes vasopressin induced gastric dysrhythmia with no improvement in gastric emptying or symptoms.
- Gastric electrical stimulation
- Gastric emptying
- Gastric myoelectrical activity
- Intestinal slow waves
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems