Effects of the Yuzpe regimen of emergency contraception on markers of endometrial receptivity

Elizabeth G. Raymond, Laurie P. Lovely, Mario Chen-Mok, Markku Seppälä, Robert J. Kurman, Bruce A. Lessey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


This exploratory study was designed to determine whether treatment with the Yuzpe regimen of emergency contraception altered endometrial integrin expression or other markers of uterine receptivity. Nineteen parous women were followed for two menstrual cycles. In the second cycle, each participant took 100 mg ethinyl oestradiol and 1 mg norgestel on the day of the urinary luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and repeated the dose 12 h later. In both cyles, endometrial biopsy, phlebotomy and vaginal sonogram were performed 8-10 days after the urinary LH surge. No significant difference was found between untreated and treated cycles in most measures of endometrial histology or in endometrial expression of β3 integrin subunit, leukaemia inhibitory factor, glycodelin, or progesterone receptors assessed by immunohistochemical techniques. Five statistically significant changes were noted in treated cycles: a reduction in endometrial MUC-1 expression, an increase in endometrial oestrogen receptor, lower luteal phase serum oestrogen concentration, reduced endometrial thickness, and greater proportion of glandular supranuclear vacuoles. The relationship of these findings to the contraceptive action of the Yuzpe regimen is unclear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2351-2355
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2000


  • Emergency contraception
  • Endometrial receptivity
  • Integrins
  • Leukaemia inhibitory factor
  • Oestrogen receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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