Effects of the hematoregulatory peptide SKandF 107647 alone and in combination with amphotericin B against disseminated candidiasis in persistently neutropenic rabbits

Caron A. Lyman, Corina Gonzalez, Mark Schneider, James Lee, Thomas J. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of the hematoregulatory peptide SKandF 107647 were examined in a persistently and profoundly neutropenic rabbit model of disseminated candidiasis in order to determine its potential to enhance resistance against infection and its role as an adjunct to conventional antifungal chemotherapy. In healthy animals, SKandF 107647 elicited a time-dependent increase in CD11b-positive monocytes and neutrophils. When administered to neutropenic rabbits infected with Candida albicans, no significant differences in the number of CFU per gram in any of the tissues tested compared with the number in untreated control rabbits were detected. However, when SKandF 107647 was administered in combination with low doses of amphotericin B, there was a significant reduction in organism burden in the lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys compared with the burdens in the organs of untreated control animals and in the lungs and kidneys compared with the burdens in the lungs and kidneys of animals treated with amphotericin B alone. These data suggest a potential role for this peptide as adjunctive therapy in combination with conventional antifungal agents in the treatment of disseminated candidiasis in the setting of profound and persistent neutropenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2165-2169
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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