Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on cardiovascular risks among type 2 diabetic patients: A randomized crossover clinical trial

Leila Azadbakht, Nafiseh Rashidi Pour Fard, Majid Karimi, Mohammad Hassan Baghaei, Pamela Surkan, Majid Rahimi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Walter C. Willett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE- To determine the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating pattern on cardiometabolic risks in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS- A randomized crossover clinical trial was undertaken in 31 type 2 diabetic patients. For 8 weeks, participants were randomly assigned to a control diet or the DASH eating pattern. RESULTS- After following the DASH eating pattern, body weight (P = 0.007) and waist circumference (P = 0.002) reduced significantly. Fasting blood glucose levels and A1C decreased after adoption of the DASH diet (-29.4 ± 6.3 mg/dl; P = 0.04 and -1.7 ± 0.1%; P = 0.04, respectively). After the DASH diet, the mean change for HDL cholesterol levels was higher (4.3 ± 0.9 mg/dl; P = 0.001) and LDL cholesterol was reduced (-17.2 ± 3.5 mg/dl; P = 0.02). Additionally, DASH had beneficial effects on systolic (-13.6 ± 3.5 vs. -3.1 ± 2.7 mmHg; P = 0.02) and diastolic blood pressure (-9.5 ± 2.6 vs. -0.7 ± 3.3 mmHg; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS- Among diabetic patients, the DASH diet had beneficial effects on cardiometabolic risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-57
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Cross-Over Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials
Eating
Hypertension
Diet
Blood Pressure
Waist Circumference
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Research Design
Body Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on cardiovascular risks among type 2 diabetic patients : A randomized crossover clinical trial. / Azadbakht, Leila; Fard, Nafiseh Rashidi Pour; Karimi, Majid; Baghaei, Mohammad Hassan; Surkan, Pamela; Rahimi, Majid; Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad; Willett, Walter C.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 55-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azadbakht, Leila ; Fard, Nafiseh Rashidi Pour ; Karimi, Majid ; Baghaei, Mohammad Hassan ; Surkan, Pamela ; Rahimi, Majid ; Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad ; Willett, Walter C. / Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan on cardiovascular risks among type 2 diabetic patients : A randomized crossover clinical trial. In: Diabetes Care. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 55-57.
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