Effects of sucralfate on vacuolating cytotoxin activity and adherence of Helicobacter pylori to human gastric epithelial cells.

D. T. Smoot, M. H. Earlington, E. Abebe, B. C. Desbordes, C. Murigande, T. Naab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sucralfate inhibits activity of certain Helicobacter pylori enzymes, implying that this medication may limit gastric cell injury associated with H pylori infection. This study evaluates the ability of sucralfate and its two major structural components, sucrose octasulfate and aluminum hydroxide, to reduce the cytotoxic effects of H pylori and to inhibit binding of H pylori to human gastric epithelial cells. Experiments were performed using human gastric epithelial cells isolated from gastric biopsy tissue taken at upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Primary cultures of human gastric epithelial cells, when exposed to broth-culture supernatant from a vacuolating cytotoxin-positive H pylori strain, were shown to form cytoplasmic vacuoles. Preexposing H pylori brothculture supernatant to sucralfate reduced vacuole formation in human gastric epithelial cells; however, preexposure of H pylori broth-culture supernatant to aluminum hydroxide or sucrose octasulfate did not reduce vacuolation in human gastric epithelial cells. H pylori binding to human gastric epithelial cells was significantly reduced when H pylori was exposed to sucralfate prior to incubating the bacterium with human gastric epithelial cells. These data show that sucralfate, but not its two major components, reduces the toxicity of an H pylori-produced cytotoxin (VacA) and decreases H pylori adherence to human gastric epithelial cells. This reduction in H pylori cytotoxicity may contribute to sucralfate's ulcerhealing properties and to the lower ulcer recurrence rates seen in patients treated with this medication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-92
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Association for Academic Minority Physicians : the official publication of the Association for Academic Minority Physicians
Volume7
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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