Effects of self-efficacy and dispositional optimism on adherence to step aerobic exercise classes.

K. R. Fontaine, D. F. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of generalized and domain-specific expectancies on participation in 8 weeks of step aerobic-exercise classes. 154 university students and staff who registered for step aerobic classes completed measures of aerobic self-efficacy and dispositional optimism prior to attending their first class. Attendance was taken at each session by the instructors. A split at the median on attendance classified participants as dropouts or adherers. Analysis indicated that adheres scored significantly higher on self-efficacy that did dropouts. Adherers and dropouts did not differ on dispositional optimism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-255
Number of pages5
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Volume81
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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