The tumor-promoting agent 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a highly active comitogen in phytohemagglutinin-treated bovine lymphocytes, induces an 11-fold increase in ornithine decarboxylase activity over cultures treated with the lectin alone. This synergistic action of TPA could be antagonized by the simultaneous addition of the acyclic sesquiterpene, insect Juvenile hormone III. Retinoic acid (vitamin A acid), an inhibitor of the tumor-promoting action of TPA in mice, was also an effective antagonist but required administration to lectin-activated lymphocytes 1 hr prior to TPA. These data suggest that metabolic activation of retinoic acid is required in order to exert its antagonistic action. Comparison of the responses in the lymphocytes and mouse skin suggests that the lymphocytes provide an excellent system for studying the molecular processes through which phorbol esters and retinoids influence the growth and differentiation of both normal and premalignant cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Sep 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research