A transferase purified from turkey erythrocytes catalyzed the NAD-dependent ADP-ribosylation of proteins in the supernatant, particulate, and detergent-solubilized fractions of bovine thymus as well as several purified proteins. Nucleoside triphosphates increased the rate of ADP-ribosylation of multiple soluble proteins from thymus and several purified proteins by about twofold. With lysozyme as substrate and 10 mm nucleotide, the order of effectiveness was ATP > ITP = GTP > CTP = UTP. Half-maximal stimulation of ADP-ribose incorporation into lysozyme was observed with 2.5 mm ATP. App(NH)p and inorganic tri- and tetrapolyphosphate were less effective than ATP; ADP, AMP, cAMP, and inorganic pyrophosphate were ineffective. Enhancement of transferase-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation by ATP was observed only at low (20-200 μm) NAD concentrations; with lysozyme as substrate, however, the effect of ATP was not due to prevention of NAD hydrolysis during the assay, nor was it due to an effect on ionic strength. The transferase catalyzed the ADP-ribosylation of several purified proteins and, depending on the protein substrate, ATP either increased, decreased, or did not alter the rate of ADP-ribosylation. It appears that ADP-ribosylation of cellular proteins by endogenous ADP-ribosyltransferases may be subject to regulation by nucleoside triphosphates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology