Effects of nonselective and isozyme selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitors on antigen-induced cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

D. M. Essayan, Shau Ku Huang, A. Kagey-Sobotka, L. M. Lichtenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzymes may participate in regulation of the inflammatory response through their effects on second messengers. In the present study, we have investigated the role of nonselective and isozyme selective PDE inhibitors in altering the antigen-driven cytokine gene expression of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from atopic individuals. Ragweed and tetanus toxoid were used as model antigens. The nonselective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), and the selective PDE4 inhibitor, rolipram, markedly suppressed interleukin-5 (IL-5) and interferon gamma (IFN gamma) gene expression in both antigen-driven systems. Gene expression for IL-4 was unaffected by these agents in the ragweed-driven system. Message for IL-4 could not be detected in the tetanus toxoid-driven system, despite the use of a quantitative, competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay sensitive to less than 10 fg of target template. The PDE3 inhibitor, siguazodan, was ineffective in downregulating gene expression for the proinflammatory cytokines assayed; when used in combination with the PDE4 inhibitor, the PDE3 inhibitor provided no increase in efficacy over that seen with the PDE4 inhibitor alone. Gene expression for the A and B isoforms of the PDE4 in PBMCs was unaffected by antigen stimulation or treatment with the PDE4 inhibitor; however, differences in expression of these two isoforms were apparent when a variety of immune cell lines were studied. These data support the hypothesis that the primary anti-inflammatory target for PDE inhibition in PBMCs is the PDE4. Furthermore, the expression of various isoforms of this enzyme may differ between immune cell types. Finally, PDE4 isoform expression in PBMCs is independent of treatment with an isozyme selective inhibitor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-702
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume13
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1995

Fingerprint

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitors
Cyclic Nucleotides
Gene expression
Isoenzymes
Blood Cells
Blood
Cytokines
Protein Isoforms
Gene Expression
Antigens
Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitors
Ambrosia
Tetanus Toxoid
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Interleukin-4
Rolipram
1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
Polymerase chain reaction
Interleukin-5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Effects of nonselective and isozyme selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitors on antigen-induced cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. / Essayan, D. M.; Huang, Shau Ku; Kagey-Sobotka, A.; Lichtenstein, L. M.

In: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Vol. 13, No. 6, 12.1995, p. 692-702.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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