We conducted a randomized trial comparing the effect of two different levels of motivational interviewing training on clinician communication behaviors and patient experiences. We enrolled 12 HIV clinicians who attended a one-day MI workshop focusing on behavior change counseling skills. We then randomized clinicians to receive (or not) 3–5 rounds of personalized feedback from the MI trainer. We compared outcomes before and after the interventions and between the intervention groups. We tested time-by-study arm interactions to determine if one group improved more than the other. For all analyses, we used generalized estimating equations to account for clustering of patients within clinicians, with Gaussian or negative binomial distributions as appropriate. Patients of clinicians in both intervention groups rated their visits as more MI consistent (6.86 vs. 6.65, p = 0.005) and audio-recording analysis revealed that visits were more patient-centered (1.34 vs. 0.96, p = 0.003) with a more positive patient affect (22.36 vs. 20.84, p < 0.001) after versus before the intervention, without differences between intervention arms. Several specific clinician behaviors such as empathic statements, asking patient opinions and open-ended questions improved more in the workshop+feedback versus the workshop-only intervention arm. A few specific communication behaviors increased (total and complex reflections) after versus before the intervention, without differences between intervention arms. The workshop alone was as effective as the workshop plus feedback in improving patient experiences and overall communication measures. Certain communication behaviors improved more with the more intensive intervention, but these additional benefits may not warrant the extra financial and logistical resources required.
- Motivational interviewing
- Patient-clinician communication
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases