Glomerular micropuncture studies were performed in euvolemic, anesthetized, adult, male Munich-Wistar rats to evaluate the glomerular microcirculatory actions of leukotriene D4 (LTD4). In preliminary experiments, intrarenal arterial administration of LTD4 (1 microgram X kg-1 X min-1) was found to cause a rise in mean systemic arterial pressure, a loss of plasma volume, and a fall in renal blood flow, effects identical to those previously reported for LTC4. To assess the local glomerular actions of LTD4 independently of these systemic effects, glomerular microcirculatory dynamics were assessed during LTD4 infusion while constancy of renal perfusion pressure and plasma volume were maintained by partial aortic constriction and isoncotic plasma infusion, respectively. To ascertain the LTD4 actions that are independent of angiotensin II, saralasin (5 micrograms X kg-1 X min-1 iv) was also given throughout the study. LTD4 caused a significant increase in efferent arteriolar resistance in association with a fall in glomerular plasma flow rate (QA) and a rise in glomerular capillary hydraulic pressure. Despite the latter, single-nephron filtration rate fell due to combined reductions in QA and the glomerular ultrafiltration coefficient. These local glomerular constrictor actions of LTD4 support the possibility that this eicosanoid might play an important intermediary role in the functional impairment accompanying some forms of inflammatory injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The American journal of physiology|
|Issue number||2 Pt 2|
|State||Published - Aug 1987|
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