The present investigation was carried out to determine whether inhibition of ovulation in the rabbit by administration of indomethacin can be correlated with any change in ovarian contractility at ovulation time and can be reversed by administration of prostaglandins. Indomethacin was adminstered intra-muscularly using three different schedules in a dose of 5 mg/kg. A reduced number of ruptured follicles following HCG was noted in all groups treated with indomethacin. Infusion of PGF2α into the aorta (1 μg/kg/min.) could reverse this effect. Less pronounced ovarian contractility was observed after indomethacin treatment, but infusion of PGF2α immediately enhanced contractility in ovaries from indomethacin treated rabbits. The inhibition of ovulation in the rabbit associated with indomethacin adminstration may be related to suppression of ovarian contractions. These data also suggest that prostaglandins may play a significant role in the mechanism of ovulation through an influence on ovarian contractility.
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