Utilizing 31phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the authors tested the two hypotheses that the negative inotropic action of halothane is the result of: 1) myocardial intracellular acidosis, and 2) a decrease in myocardial high-energy phosphates. In isolated, paced, Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts, halothane (1.5 vol %) dissolved in the coronary perfusate produced a 48 +/- 2% decrease (P less than 0.01) in left ventricular developed pressure. In contrast, halothane administration had no significant effect on myocardial intracellular pH (7.18 +/- 0.04 at control vs 7.21 +/- 0.02 during halothane). Halothane exposure decreased (P less than 0.01) the forward rate constant of the creatine kinase reaction by 32 +/- 6%, as measured using saturation transfer NMR, suggesting a decline in the rate of high-energy phosphate metabolism. This was further indicated by a concomitant decrease (P less than 0.05) in myocardial oxygen consumption (20 +/- 5%). During the halothane-induced reduction in left ventricular developed pressure, only small decreases in the myocardial steady state concentrations of phosphocreatine (7 +/- 1%; P less than 0.01) and beta ATP (12 +/- 4%; P less than 0.05), and an increase in Pi (18 +/- 6%; P less than 0.05) were observed. However, similar changes in steady-state high-energy phosphate metabolites were also measured in time-control hearts not exposed to halothane. These results indicate that the negative inotropic action of halothane is not mediated by myocardial intracellular acidosis. Moreover, these findings do not support the concept that the negative inotropic action of halothane is the result of a reduction in myocardial high-energy phosphates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine