Effects of divalent cations on the ultrasonic absorption coefficient of negatively charged liposomes (LUV) near their phase transition temperature

Loralie D. Ma, Richard L. Magin, Floyd Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ultrasonic absorption coefficient per wavelength (αλ), as a function of temperature and frequency, was determined for large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) in the vicinity of their phospholipid phase transition temperature, using a double crystal acoustic interferometer. (The vesicles were composed of a 4:1 (w/w) mixture of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG)). It has been found that αλ reaches a maximum (αλ)max at the phase transition temperature (tm) of the phospholipids in the bilayer, at an ultrasonic relaxation frequency of 2.1 MHz. Divalent cations (Ca2+ and Mg2+), added to LUV suspensions, shifted (αλ)max to higher temperatures, dependent upon the concentration of divalent cation. It was also found that the shape of the αλ versus t curve was significantly changed, representing changes in the Van't Hoff enthalpy of the transition, and therefore, the cooperative unit of the transition. This suggests that divalent cations interact individually with the negatively charged phospholipid headgroups of DPPG and with DPPC headgroups, thus decreasing the cooperative unit of the transition. The observed upward shift in tm suggests an interaction that increases the activation energy and, therefore, the temperature of the phase transition. However, αλ as a function of frequency did not change with the addition of divalent cations and, thus, the relaxation time of the event responsible for the absorption of ultrasound is not changed by the addition of divalent cations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume902
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 1987
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Divalent cation
  • Liposome
  • Phase transition
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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