We have recently demonstrated the cardioprotective effects of a non-alcoholic extract of Argentinian red wine (RWE) on ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to assess the relative contribution of four phenolic fractions separated from RWE by liquid/liquid extraction with solvents of decreasing hydrophobicity, to the myocardial protection achieved by the original extract. Isovolumic perfused rat hearts treated with each fraction 10 min before ischemia and the first 10 min of reperfusion were submitted to a 20-min global ischemic period followed by 30 min of reperfusion. The treatment with the fraction rich in polymeric proanthocyanidins (fraction IV = aqueous residue) significantly improved the postischemic recovery of left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and +dP/dt max (111 ± 5% and 117 ± 6% vs 61 ± 4%, 62 ± 5%, respectively, detected in control hearts) and abolished the increase of left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (8 ± 2 mmHg vs 42 ± 4 mmHg in untreated hearts). However, the fraction rich in anthocyanins (III: butanol) elicited a cardioprotective action weaker than the original extract. On the other hand, the representative of either resveratrol or flavan-3-ols and flavonols (fractions I and II) failed to induce this type of response. LDH release and TBARS concentration were significantly lowered after treatment with fraction IV alone. These data show that the fraction rich in polymeric proanthocyanidins exerts a protective effect against myocardial alterations derived from ischemia and reperfusion comparable to the original RWE. This beneficial effect can be correlated to the ability of that fraction to attenuate the degree of lipid peroxidation.
- Red wine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)