Effects of d-amphetamine on speaking in isolated humans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of oral d-amphetamine, 5-20 mg were studied in isolated humans who produced speech monologues during experimental sessions. Drug effects were studied under double-blind conditions by making repeated observations within each subject after placebo or active drug. In the first experiment, d-amphetamine 15 mg was studied in 4 isolated subjects who had received instructions that they should talk some of the time during experimental sessions. All subjects spoke more after active drug than after placebo. In the second experiment, d-amphetamine 5-20 mg was studied in 4 subjects who were instructed to talk, but who also earned points under a fixed interval 5 min schedule by speaking (i.e. by closure of a voice operated relay). Point delivery did not generally influence patterns of speech over time. Reliable drug produced increases in amount of talking were observed in 3 of 4 subjects. Adjective checklist self report scores indicating a stimulant drug effect were also sensitive to effects of d-amphetamine. Under controlled laboratory conditions, an increase in speaking is a reliable behavioral effect of d-amphetamine in isolated humans producing speech monologues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978

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Dextroamphetamine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Placebos
Checklist
Self Report
Appointments and Schedules
Experiments

Keywords

  • d-Amphetamine
  • Fixed interval schedule
  • Humans
  • Instructions
  • Speaking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Effects of d-amphetamine on speaking in isolated humans. / Stitzer, Maxine L; Griffiths, Roland R; Liebson, Ira.

In: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1978, p. 57-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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