Effects of Baltimore's safe streets program on gun violence: A replication of Chicago's CeaseFire program

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chicago's CeaseFire program is an evidence-based public health approach to preventing gun violence. Baltimore is one of many US cities attempting to replicate the program. We compared changes in the number of homicide and nonfatal shooting incidents per month in four intervention neighborhoods with changes in high-crime comparison areas (police posts) without the intervention, while controlling for several measures of police activity and baseline levels of homicide and nonfatal shootings. In South Baltimore there were large program-related reductions in homicide and nonfatal shooting incidents. Among three East Baltimore program sites, the program was associated with a reduction of homicides in one area, a reduction in nonfatal shootings in another area, and a simultaneous increase in homicides and decrease in nonfatal shootings in another area. In some instances, program effects extended to neighborhoods bordering the intervention areas. Program-related reductions in homicides appear to be linked with conflict mediations conducted by program outreach workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Community intervention
  • Firearm violence
  • Violence prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Urban Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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