Effects of atropine treatment on in vitro and in vivo binding of 4-[125I]-dexetimide to central and myocardial muscarinic receptors

Yoshihiro Uno, Kaname Matsumura, Ursula Scheffel, Alan A. Wilson, Robert F. Dannals, Henry N. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Upregulation of muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChR) after chronic atropine treatment has been described previously. The present study was designed to evaluate 4-iodine-125 dexetimide as an agent to determine changes in the number of mAChR. Rats were injected subcutaneously with atropine (500 mg/kg) either once or chronically, once daily for 10 days, and sacrificed 24 h later. In vitro binding assays with 4-[125I]-dexetimide showed significant increases in the number of mAChR in cerebra (21%) and ventricles (45%) after chronic atropine treatment but not after acute treatment. The affinity of binding to cerebral and ventrical mAChR declined after acute and chronic atropine treatment. In vivo studies were carried out involving intravenous injection of 4-[125I]-dexetimide 24 h after atropine treatment. Binding was markedly reduced in the brain and heart. Upregulation of mAChR, as seen in in vitro studies, could not be observed because of the remaining atropine. Occupancy of mAChR by atropine persisted as long as 7 days after one dose. The results of these studies indicate that 4-[125I]-dexetimide binding reflects the effects of atropine on central and peripheral muscarinic cholinergic receptors in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-452
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1991


  • 4-Iodine-125 dextimide
  • Atropine treatment
  • Central and myocardial mAChR
  • In vitro and in vivo binding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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