Six mature female rhesus monkeys were treated with HMG-HCG in control cycles at doses adjusted to induce ovulation while avoiding superovulation. Occurrence of ovulation was determined by observation of fresh ovulation points at laparotomy 48 to 120 hours following HCG. In subsequent cycles animals were treated with indomethacin (treatment days 4 through 10) together with the established dose of HMG_HCG. In 8 cycles indomethacin 5 mg/kg was given i.m. once daily; in 9 cycles 10 mg/kg i.m. was administered in 2 divided doses. Following this, PGF2α (3 mg t.i.d. s.c.) was administered for 3 days together with indomethacin 10 mg/kg and HMG-HCG, beginning on the day prior to HCG. Determinations of progesterone were performed by RIA on treatment days 4, 7, 10, and 11. Eleven of the 13 control cycles were ovulatory. With indomethacin 5 mg/kg/day, 5 of 8 cycles were ovulatory but ovulation was delayed in 2 instances. Of 9 cycles using indomethacin 10 mg/kg/day only 1 was ovulatory. When PGF2α was administered in subsequent cycles along with indomethacin (10 mg/kg) and HMG-HCG, ovulation occurred in 13 of 19 cycles. These data suggest that local ovarian PGF2α may be essential in the mechanics of follicle rupture in gonadotropin-treated rhesus monkeys.
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