Effectiveness of motivational incentives in stimulant abusing outpatients with different treatment histories

Therese Killeen, Rickey Carter, Marc Copersino, Nancy Petry, Maxine Stitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine if prize-based abstinence incentives will differentially affect substance abuse outcomes in patients with different treatment histories. Design: Treatment seeking outpatients with more or less prior treatment episodes were randomized to receive either prize-based incentives plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Outcome variables included longest sustained period of abstinence, number of negative urine drug screens (UDS), and retention in treatment. Results: Treatment experienced participants were older, more likely to be female, African American, unemployed, and with more severe cocaine and psychiatric problems. The effectiveness of incentives did not differ significantly between the two treatment history groups with regard to the outcome measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • Motivational incentives
  • Stimulant use
  • Treatment history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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