Effectiveness of motivational incentives in stimulant abusing outpatients with different treatment histories

Therese Killeen, Rickey Carter, Marc Copersino, Nancy Petry, Maxine L Stitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine if prize-based abstinence incentives will differentially affect substance abuse outcomes in patients with different treatment histories. Design: Treatment seeking outpatients with more or less prior treatment episodes were randomized to receive either prize-based incentives plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Outcome variables included longest sustained period of abstinence, number of negative urine drug screens (UDS), and retention in treatment. Results: Treatment experienced participants were older, more likely to be female, African American, unemployed, and with more severe cocaine and psychiatric problems. The effectiveness of incentives did not differ significantly between the two treatment history groups with regard to the outcome measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Fingerprint

Motivation
Outpatients
Therapeutics
Cocaine
African Americans
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
History
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Urine
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Motivational incentives
  • Stimulant use
  • Treatment history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Effectiveness of motivational incentives in stimulant abusing outpatients with different treatment histories. / Killeen, Therese; Carter, Rickey; Copersino, Marc; Petry, Nancy; Stitzer, Maxine L.

In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Vol. 33, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 129-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{900c8deae71444cca8cdda4dec9e6dd4,
title = "Effectiveness of motivational incentives in stimulant abusing outpatients with different treatment histories",
abstract = "Objective: To determine if prize-based abstinence incentives will differentially affect substance abuse outcomes in patients with different treatment histories. Design: Treatment seeking outpatients with more or less prior treatment episodes were randomized to receive either prize-based incentives plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Outcome variables included longest sustained period of abstinence, number of negative urine drug screens (UDS), and retention in treatment. Results: Treatment experienced participants were older, more likely to be female, African American, unemployed, and with more severe cocaine and psychiatric problems. The effectiveness of incentives did not differ significantly between the two treatment history groups with regard to the outcome measures.",
keywords = "Motivational incentives, Stimulant use, Treatment history",
author = "Therese Killeen and Rickey Carter and Marc Copersino and Nancy Petry and Stitzer, {Maxine L}",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00952990601091101",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "129--137",
journal = "American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse",
issn = "0095-2990",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness of motivational incentives in stimulant abusing outpatients with different treatment histories

AU - Killeen, Therese

AU - Carter, Rickey

AU - Copersino, Marc

AU - Petry, Nancy

AU - Stitzer, Maxine L

PY - 2007/1

Y1 - 2007/1

N2 - Objective: To determine if prize-based abstinence incentives will differentially affect substance abuse outcomes in patients with different treatment histories. Design: Treatment seeking outpatients with more or less prior treatment episodes were randomized to receive either prize-based incentives plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Outcome variables included longest sustained period of abstinence, number of negative urine drug screens (UDS), and retention in treatment. Results: Treatment experienced participants were older, more likely to be female, African American, unemployed, and with more severe cocaine and psychiatric problems. The effectiveness of incentives did not differ significantly between the two treatment history groups with regard to the outcome measures.

AB - Objective: To determine if prize-based abstinence incentives will differentially affect substance abuse outcomes in patients with different treatment histories. Design: Treatment seeking outpatients with more or less prior treatment episodes were randomized to receive either prize-based incentives plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Outcome variables included longest sustained period of abstinence, number of negative urine drug screens (UDS), and retention in treatment. Results: Treatment experienced participants were older, more likely to be female, African American, unemployed, and with more severe cocaine and psychiatric problems. The effectiveness of incentives did not differ significantly between the two treatment history groups with regard to the outcome measures.

KW - Motivational incentives

KW - Stimulant use

KW - Treatment history

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33947224213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33947224213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00952990601091101

DO - 10.1080/00952990601091101

M3 - Article

C2 - 17366253

AN - SCOPUS:33947224213

VL - 33

SP - 129

EP - 137

JO - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

JF - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

SN - 0095-2990

IS - 1

ER -