The Collaborative Corneal Transplantation Studies (CCTS) were designed to evaluate the effect of donor-recipient histocompatibility matching and crossmatching on the survival of corneal transplants in high-risk patients. Corneas were allocated to the 419 patients in the double-masked Antigen Matching Study on the basis of HLA-A,-B and HLA-DR antigen match. ABO blood group compatibility was determined but not used for recipient selection. The 37 patients in the Crossmatch Study were randomly assigned to receive a cornea from either a positively or negatively crossmatched donor. All patients received topical steroid therapy according to a standard protocol. Matching for HLA-A,-B and HLA-DR antigens had no effect on overall graft survival, the incidence of irreversible rejection, or the incidence of rejection episodes. The positive group in the Crossmatch Study had fewer graft failures, rejection failures, and rejection episodes than the negative group; however, these differences were not statistically significant. The estimated proportion of eyes with failure from rejection by 3 years was 30% for the ABO-incompatible group and 16% for the ABO-compatible group (relative risk, 1.98; 95% confidence interval, 1.15 to 3.13). These studies demonstrate that, for high-risk patients who are immunosuppressed by topical steroid therapy: 1) neither HLA-A.-B nor HLA-DR antigen matching substantially reduced the likelihood of corneal graft failure; 2) a positive donor-recipient crossmatch did not increase the risk of corneal graft failure; and 3) ABO blood group matching may be effective in reducing the risk of graft failure from rejection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1994|