Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma

K. Tyson Thomas, Derek Welch, Andrew Trueblood, Paulgun Sulur, Paul Wise, D. Lee Gorden, Ravi S. Chari, J. Kelly Wright, Kay Washington, C. Wright Pinson, Mark R. Ghobrial, Andrew S. Klein, Henry A. Pitt, Joseph B. Cofer, Alan W. Hemming, A. Osama Gaber, K. Tyson Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate experience over 15 years with treatment of this lesion. Summary Background Data: Biliary cystadenoma, a benign hepatic tumor arising from Von Meyenberg complexes, usually present as septated intrahepatic cystic lesions. Methods: Data were collected concurrently and retrospectively on patients identified from hospital medical records reviewed for pertinent International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification and CPT codes, pathology logs, and from operative case logs. Pathology specimens were rereviewed to confirm the diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma or biliary cystadenocarcinoma by 2 GI pathologists. Results: From October 1989 to April 2004 at our institution, 19 (18F:1M) patients had pathologically confirmed biliary cystadenomas, including one with a biliary cystadenocarcinoma. The mean age was 48 ± 15 years at initial evaluation. Complaints included abdominal pain in 74%, abdominal distension in 26%, and nausea/ vomiting in 11%. Only 1 patient presented with an incidental finding. Symptoms had been present for 3 ± 5 years, with 1 to 4 different surgeons and many other physicians involved in the diagnosis or treatment prior to definitive ablation. Eight patients had undergone 20 previous treatments, including multiple percutaneous aspirations in 4 and 11 operative procedures. CT or US was diagnostic in 95%, with internal septations present in the hepatic cysts. Definitive operative intervention consisted of hepatic resection in 12 patients, enucleation in 6 patients, and fenestration and complete fulguration in 1 patient. There were no perioperative deaths. No recurrences were observed after definitive therapy, with follow-up of 4 ± 4 years. Conclusions: Biliary cystadenoma must be recognized and treated differently than most hepatic cysts. There remains a need for education about the imaging findings for biliary cystadenoma to reduce the demonstrated delay in appropriate treatment. Traditional treatment of simple cysts such as aspiration, drainage, and marsupialization results in near universal recurrence and occasional malignant degeneration. This experience demonstrates effective options include total ablation by standard hepatic resection and cyst enucleation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-775
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume241
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Cystadenoma
Cysts
Cystadenocarcinoma
Liver
Therapeutics
Current Procedural Terminology
Pathology
Recurrence
Incidental Findings
Hospital Records
Operative Surgical Procedures
International Classification of Diseases
Nausea
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting
Medical Records
Drainage
Physicians
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Thomas, K. T., Welch, D., Trueblood, A., Sulur, P., Wise, P., Gorden, D. L., ... Thomas, K. T. (2005). Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma. Annals of Surgery, 241(5), 769-775. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000161982.57360.1b

Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma. / Thomas, K. Tyson; Welch, Derek; Trueblood, Andrew; Sulur, Paulgun; Wise, Paul; Gorden, D. Lee; Chari, Ravi S.; Wright, J. Kelly; Washington, Kay; Pinson, C. Wright; Ghobrial, Mark R.; Klein, Andrew S.; Pitt, Henry A.; Cofer, Joseph B.; Hemming, Alan W.; Gaber, A. Osama; Thomas, K. Tyson.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 241, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 769-775.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thomas, KT, Welch, D, Trueblood, A, Sulur, P, Wise, P, Gorden, DL, Chari, RS, Wright, JK, Washington, K, Pinson, CW, Ghobrial, MR, Klein, AS, Pitt, HA, Cofer, JB, Hemming, AW, Gaber, AO & Thomas, KT 2005, 'Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma', Annals of Surgery, vol. 241, no. 5, pp. 769-775. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000161982.57360.1b
Thomas KT, Welch D, Trueblood A, Sulur P, Wise P, Gorden DL et al. Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma. Annals of Surgery. 2005 May;241(5):769-775. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000161982.57360.1b
Thomas, K. Tyson ; Welch, Derek ; Trueblood, Andrew ; Sulur, Paulgun ; Wise, Paul ; Gorden, D. Lee ; Chari, Ravi S. ; Wright, J. Kelly ; Washington, Kay ; Pinson, C. Wright ; Ghobrial, Mark R. ; Klein, Andrew S. ; Pitt, Henry A. ; Cofer, Joseph B. ; Hemming, Alan W. ; Gaber, A. Osama ; Thomas, K. Tyson. / Effective treatment of biliary cystadenoma. In: Annals of Surgery. 2005 ; Vol. 241, No. 5. pp. 769-775.
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abstract = "Objective: Evaluate experience over 15 years with treatment of this lesion. Summary Background Data: Biliary cystadenoma, a benign hepatic tumor arising from Von Meyenberg complexes, usually present as septated intrahepatic cystic lesions. Methods: Data were collected concurrently and retrospectively on patients identified from hospital medical records reviewed for pertinent International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification and CPT codes, pathology logs, and from operative case logs. Pathology specimens were rereviewed to confirm the diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma or biliary cystadenocarcinoma by 2 GI pathologists. Results: From October 1989 to April 2004 at our institution, 19 (18F:1M) patients had pathologically confirmed biliary cystadenomas, including one with a biliary cystadenocarcinoma. The mean age was 48 ± 15 years at initial evaluation. Complaints included abdominal pain in 74{\%}, abdominal distension in 26{\%}, and nausea/ vomiting in 11{\%}. Only 1 patient presented with an incidental finding. Symptoms had been present for 3 ± 5 years, with 1 to 4 different surgeons and many other physicians involved in the diagnosis or treatment prior to definitive ablation. Eight patients had undergone 20 previous treatments, including multiple percutaneous aspirations in 4 and 11 operative procedures. CT or US was diagnostic in 95{\%}, with internal septations present in the hepatic cysts. Definitive operative intervention consisted of hepatic resection in 12 patients, enucleation in 6 patients, and fenestration and complete fulguration in 1 patient. There were no perioperative deaths. No recurrences were observed after definitive therapy, with follow-up of 4 ± 4 years. Conclusions: Biliary cystadenoma must be recognized and treated differently than most hepatic cysts. There remains a need for education about the imaging findings for biliary cystadenoma to reduce the demonstrated delay in appropriate treatment. Traditional treatment of simple cysts such as aspiration, drainage, and marsupialization results in near universal recurrence and occasional malignant degeneration. This experience demonstrates effective options include total ablation by standard hepatic resection and cyst enucleation.",
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AU - Thomas, K. Tyson

AU - Welch, Derek

AU - Trueblood, Andrew

AU - Sulur, Paulgun

AU - Wise, Paul

AU - Gorden, D. Lee

AU - Chari, Ravi S.

AU - Wright, J. Kelly

AU - Washington, Kay

AU - Pinson, C. Wright

AU - Ghobrial, Mark R.

AU - Klein, Andrew S.

AU - Pitt, Henry A.

AU - Cofer, Joseph B.

AU - Hemming, Alan W.

AU - Gaber, A. Osama

AU - Thomas, K. Tyson

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N2 - Objective: Evaluate experience over 15 years with treatment of this lesion. Summary Background Data: Biliary cystadenoma, a benign hepatic tumor arising from Von Meyenberg complexes, usually present as septated intrahepatic cystic lesions. Methods: Data were collected concurrently and retrospectively on patients identified from hospital medical records reviewed for pertinent International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification and CPT codes, pathology logs, and from operative case logs. Pathology specimens were rereviewed to confirm the diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma or biliary cystadenocarcinoma by 2 GI pathologists. Results: From October 1989 to April 2004 at our institution, 19 (18F:1M) patients had pathologically confirmed biliary cystadenomas, including one with a biliary cystadenocarcinoma. The mean age was 48 ± 15 years at initial evaluation. Complaints included abdominal pain in 74%, abdominal distension in 26%, and nausea/ vomiting in 11%. Only 1 patient presented with an incidental finding. Symptoms had been present for 3 ± 5 years, with 1 to 4 different surgeons and many other physicians involved in the diagnosis or treatment prior to definitive ablation. Eight patients had undergone 20 previous treatments, including multiple percutaneous aspirations in 4 and 11 operative procedures. CT or US was diagnostic in 95%, with internal septations present in the hepatic cysts. Definitive operative intervention consisted of hepatic resection in 12 patients, enucleation in 6 patients, and fenestration and complete fulguration in 1 patient. There were no perioperative deaths. No recurrences were observed after definitive therapy, with follow-up of 4 ± 4 years. Conclusions: Biliary cystadenoma must be recognized and treated differently than most hepatic cysts. There remains a need for education about the imaging findings for biliary cystadenoma to reduce the demonstrated delay in appropriate treatment. Traditional treatment of simple cysts such as aspiration, drainage, and marsupialization results in near universal recurrence and occasional malignant degeneration. This experience demonstrates effective options include total ablation by standard hepatic resection and cyst enucleation.

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