The agricultural fungicide N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)succinimide (NDPS) is an acute nephrotoxicant in rats. Our previous studies suggested that sulfate conjugation of NDPS metabolites might be a bioactivation step mediating NDPS nephrotoxicity. In this study, effects of substrates and/or inhibitors of sulfation on NDPS nephrotoxicity were examined to explore further the role of sulfation in NDPS nephrotoxicity. Male Fischer rats (4-8/group) were administered one of the following intraperitoneal (ip) pretreatment (dose, pretreatment time) prior to NDPS (0.6 mmol/kg) or NDPS vehicle (sesame oil, 2.5 ml/kg): (1) no pretreatment, (2) dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) (0.5 mmol/kg, 1 h), or (3) 2,6-dichloro4-nitrophenol (DCNP) (0.04 mmol/kg, 1 h). Following NDPS or NDPS vehicle administration, renal function was monitored at 24 and 48 h. Pretreatment with DHEA, a typical substrate for and an inhibitor of hydroxysteroid (alcohol) sulfotransferase, resulted in marked protection against NDPS nephrotoxicity. A selective inhibitor of phenol sulfotransferase, DCNP, afforded little attenuation in NDPS nephrotoxicity. These results suggest that alcohol sulfate conjugates of NDPS metabolites, rather than phenolic sulfate conjugates, may be a penultimate or ultimate nephrotoxicant species mediating NDPS nephrotoxicity. The marked, but not complete, protection by DHEA also suggests that there are other metabolites or mechanisms responsible for NDPS nephrotoxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis