Effect of several antiviral agents on human lymphocyte functions and marrow progenitor cell proliferation

J. R. Wingard, A. D. Hess, R. K. Stuart, R. Saral, W. H. Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Toxicity to hematopoiesis and lymphocytic function are major considerations in the clinical applicability of antiviral agents. We have examined the toxicities of five antiviral agents showing activity against herpes viruses: vidarabine, acyclovir, (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2-deoxyuridine, trifluorothymidine, and (S)-9-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)adenine. The drugs were tested in vitro for inhibition of herpes simplex virus type 1 and human cytomegalovirus replication, effects on marrow progenitor cell growth, effects on lymphocyte responses to mitogen and alloantigen stimulation, and effects on several lymphocyte cytotoxic responses. In general, lymphocyte proliferative responses were inhibited by the various drugs at lower concentrations than were cytotoxic activities. Acyclovir and (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine were the least toxic drugs tested, with antiviral indices exceeding 10,000. Vidarabine and trifluorothymidine were more toxic, with antiviral indices generally between 10 and 100. (S)-9-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)adenine was the most toxic, with several antiviral indices between 1 and 10.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-597
Number of pages5
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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