Effect of serum on the down-regulation of CHOP-10 during differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes

Haiyan Huang, M. Daniel Lane, Qi Qun Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hormonal induction of growth-arrested 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in medium containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) triggers a signaling cascade that culminates in adipogenesis. The transcription factor, C/EBPβ, is expressed early in this differentiation program, but lacks DNA-binding activity until much later as the preadipocytes traverse the G1-S checkpoint of mitotic clonal expansion. Dominant-negative CHOP-10 is initially expressed by growth-arrested preadipocytes and sequesters/inactivates C/EBPβ by heterodimerization with its leucine zipper. After a lag period, CHOP-10 undergoes down-regulation releasing C/EBPβ from inhibitory constraint allowing transactivation of the C/EBPα and PPARγ genes, transcription factors required for terminal differentiation. We verify that following induction of differentiation in FBS-containing medium, CHOP-10 undergoes down-regulation and differentiation occurs normally. However, when differentiation is induced in calf serum-containing medium, CHOP-10 is not down-regulated resulting in delayed and incomplete differentiation. Under these conditions the expression of C/EBPα and PPARγ and the accumulation of cytoplasmic triglyceride are attenuated. It appears that a factor(s) present in FBS is required to affect the down-regulation of CHOP-10 necessary for successful terminal differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1185-1188
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume338
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 2005

Keywords

  • Adipocyte differentiation
  • C/EBPα
  • C/EBPβ
  • PPARγ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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