We studied the effects of regional ischemia on the left ventricular isovolumic end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) in six excised, blood-perfused canine ventricles. We created different extents of regional ischemia by ligating various branches of the coronary arteries while keeping the coronary arterial pressure constant (80 mm Hg). The extent of regional ischemia (R(m)) relative to the total mass of the left ventricular myocardium was determined by regional myocardial blood flow measured by the radioactive microsphere technique. With regional ischemia, the ESPVR shifted rightward without significant change in slope in the physiologic end-systolic pressure range. In the subphysiological end-systolic pressure range, however, its slope became lower than control. In order to quantify the degree of the rightward shift, we measured the extrapolated volume axis intercept (V(o)) by fitting a straight line to the ESPVR in the physiological range under control and ischemic conditions. The shift in V(o) (ΔV(o)) associated with ischemia was linearly correlated with R(m) (ΔV(o) = 50.7R(m) - 0.6, n = 28, r = 0.944, P < 0.001). We conclude that the major effect of acute regional ischemia on the ESPVR in the physiological pressure range is a parallel rightward shift. This forms a striking contrast to the effect of global ischemia (under which only the slope is affected without a substantial change in V(o)).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine